IN SEARCH OF IDEAL FORM- RATIO OF TRIANGULAR CHANNEL
B. C. DAS1
1 Krishnagar Govt. College, Nadia-741101, West Bengal, India, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
ABSTRACT. – In Search of Ideal Form-Ratio of Triangular Channel. Cross-sectional form of a natural channel is a two dimensional variable which is thoroughly studied by scholars from different fields on natural sciences like hydrology, geology, geomorphology, etc. Average river channels tend to develop their channel-cross sectional form in a way to produce an approximate equilibrium between the channel and the water and sediment it transport. But how far it is deviated from the ideal cross-sectional form can only be determined by knowing the ideal form which was calculated by Hickin for rectangular channel. This ideal cross-sectional form of ‘maximum efficiency’ is virtually a theoretical one and attaining of which the river transports its water and load with least friction with its bed. ‘Ideal form ratio’ provides numerical tools for triangular channel to determine the degree of deviation of a cross-sectional form from that of an ideal one.
Keywords: channel asymmetry, cross-sectional area, hydraulic radius, ideal form ratio, wetted perimeter.