THE SITUATION OF THE WORKFORCE MARKET IN THE SOUTHERN PART OF THE ROMANIAN – HUNGARIAN BORDER
1Babeş-Bolyai University, Faculty of Geography, 400006, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, e-mail: email@example.com
ABSTRACT. – The Situation of the Workforce Market in the Southern Part of the Romanian-Hungarian Border. This paper is a concise presentation of the present workforce market on the southern part of the Hungarian-Romanian border region, focusing on four neighboring counties: Timiş and Arad on the Romanian side, respectively Békés and Csongrád on the Hungarian side. As far as the activity and unemployment rate is concerned, there is a rampant difference between the Romanian and Hungarian side in favor of Romanian one, due to its relative high competitivity, the industrial culture and thus the higher ability to attract investments. In the same time the Hungarian side preserved a more pronounced agricultural feature with a lower grade of reindustrialization. In this case the positional periphery, namely the border strip, overlaps with the disadvantageous conditions regarding the workforce market, emphasizing even more its social periphery status. According to the economic expectations, in the future is very likely to occur a commuting of the Hungarian workforce and job seekers toward the neighboring Romanian regions, as a consequence of the asymmetric development tendencies of the job-market on the two sides of the border.
Keywords: activity rate, employment rate, unemployment, Romanian-Hungarian border region, workforce market