Irimia_Silvia_1_2013

THE DEVELPOMENT OF THE ROMANIAN VOCATIONAL EDUCATION AND TRAINING SYSTEM
SILVIA IRIMIEA1
1 BabeĊŸ-Bolyai University, Faculty of Geography, Center for Tourism Training, 400006 Cluj-Napoca, Romania.
ABSTRACT. – The Development of the Romanian VET System. Vocational Education and Training (VET) has become a major education sector under the coordination of the European Commission. National VET policies are worked out in every country. In this context, the Romanian VET system has undergone a major improvement due to a reform carried out in the post-Copenhagen and Lisbon period. The reform was primarily aimed at the alignment of the Romanian VET system to the European VET policy. The study is aimed at charting out the current state and trends of VET in Romania. While some aspects are discussed, suggestions for improvement are also provided. The research relies on the documents of the European Commission on VET, The Barcelona Declaration 2002, the Copenhagen Declaration 2002, the Helsinki Communiqué 2006, The Lisbon Integrated Guidelines for Growth and Jobs 2005-2008, and finally, on the Common Quality Assurance Framework (CQAF), on ECVET, on adult education and continuous education. The study is a synchronic analysis of VET in Romania. It first outlines the system with its components, the laws, institutions, providers and the links between them. The study moves then to a discussion of some aspects which necessitate reconsideration or improvements. The discussion reveals approaches vis-á-vis VET which result from international Leonardo da Vinci exchange projects.
Keywords: Vocational Education and Training, providers, curriculum development, evaluation, quality assurance, NQF, ECVET.
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